How to reduce the chances of suffering renal failure

There is a worrying statistic in America: one in almost three Americans is on the verge of suffering any type of kidney disease due to diabetes, hereditary aspects, high blood pressure or kidney failure. Joe Cosgrove has previously pointed out several aspects on how to effectively reduce the chances of suffering any type of renal disease and how to cope with the dreary effects of both dialysis and other treatments for renal failure; however, here is a word of advice for those individuals who want to increase the chances of getting the most out of their kidneys while keeping them healthy.

First of all, and despite it being quite obvious, the vast majority of individuals are born with two kidneys. What people do not know, however, is that they can live just using one. On a daily basis, the kidneys can filter up to 200 liters of blood: in this process, they can also remove up to 2 liters of waste, water, and toxins. In fact, water and waste products often leave the body in the form of urine, thusly allowing the kidneys to regulate the body’s fluids and its levels. Kidneys are also responsible for producing and releasing hormones that are key in regulating blood pressure, producing more red blood cells and maintaining solid and healthy bones.

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Since the human body tends to wear off over time, the kidneys are not the exception. The kidneys stop working as they should slowly over the course of time, which is why most people often realize they suffer from any sort of kidney disease until it is too late. It is difficult to prevent it, since detecting it during early stages is no easy task. Thus, protecting the kidneys is something every individual should aim to irrespective of whether they have hereditary conditions or not:

Get Checked

Everyone is open to suffering from any type of kidney disease regardless of whether they keep a healthy lifestyle, or have hereditary conditions, or not. People who believe they are at risk for any type of kidney disease should not overlook the importance of getting their kidneys checked by their primary physician or a nephrologist. Since the kidneys do not show early symptoms of damage, most people tend to adopt a relaxed stance when it comes to taking the time to scheduling an appointment with their physicians. That is why prevention and checking often walk alongside each other.

Nonetheless, it is quite easy to check the kidneys. The first test is a urine test that aims to find the presence of albumin (a protein) in the fluid. Whenever an individual has got protein in their urine it is quite possible to assert that that individual is showing early symptoms of kidney failure. When there is just too much protein in the fluid, it means that the kidneys are failing and are starting to leak albumin or protein in this case. The second test aims to find creatinine in the blood flow. Creatine is one out of many different types of waste products that can be found in the body. It comes from muscle metabolism, and healthy kidneys remove it. This test is also used to determine an individual’s glomerular filtration rate, which is a statistic that is commonly used to reflect how well the kidneys filter waste products from the blood flow.

Control sugar levels

And control blood pressure as well. High blood pressure and diabetes are known for being two major causes of all sorts of kidney disease. Since the kidney is somewhat of a vascular organ—as it contains a myriad of different blood vessels—, diseases that affect these vessels such as diabetes and high blood pressure can ultimately inflict damage to the organs. In fact, even a minor degree of high blood pressure and diabetes can result in terrible kidney damage. As mentioned above, individuals, regardless of their current condition, should control both aspects in order to avoid falling victim of early kidney disease.

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Control weight

Keeping a healthy lifestyle is as important as the two aforementioned aspects. Weight plays a vital role in overall kidney health. Overweight, for instance, forces the body to work much harder in order for it to successfully filter all the waste products and meet metabolic needs. Besides, obesity and having excess weight can lead to the development of diabetes and pressure-related complications. Thus, it is quite important for individuals to maintain a healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle, working out from time to time and paying special attention to their weight. Weight loss and exercise is key when it comes to reducing the risk of developing both conditions. In fact, smoking also helps increase the chances of suffering any type of renal disease and high blood pressure, and it also worsens any condition. Quitting smoking, therefore, is crucial.

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How to avoid starting dialysis sooner than expected

Although Joe Cosgrove has previously mentioned that starting dialysis is not the end of the world—in fact, he addressed the topic from different points of view including one major concern: how can individuals and patients under dialysis get the most out of life once they start the treatment?—. Many people fear that they will have to quit their jobs, or that they will have to dramatically change their lifestyles. The truth is, the onset of dialysis can be delayed to some extent. And although it is very tough to be diagnosed with chronic kidney disease, if patients are diagnosed in the early stages of such condition, there certain steps and measures they can take to get the most out of their kidneys and prolong kidney function.

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Following a physician’s advice, it is possible to still enjoy a healthy life even with kidney disease. Following adequate and good health practices, staying on the job and continuing to enjoy other leisure activities and social events are ways an individual can overcome the apparent lack of control of their condition. Additionally, aside from following a physician’s advice in order to avoid starting dialysis sooner that expected, having a job with a solid health insurance helps provide security and other health benefits.

One thing is still certain: there are a plethora of causes that may cause chronic kidney disease; however, there is also a myriad of recommendations that, if followed properly, can help an individual delay kidney failure—which is what leads to dialysis and kidney transplant.

The two main causes of chronic kidney disease in North America and other western countries are diabetes and high blood pressure. These diseases have always been on the rise in the American country, which has also caused an increase in the number of patients who suffer from certain chronic kidney disease. The first step, of course, to control any type of CKD is by controlling the aforementioned conditions.

Diabetes and how to extend kidney function

People who suffer from diabetes need to mind their blood glucose levels. There is no shortcut. Blood glucose levels must be kept in an adequate range in accordance with physicians recommend. Additionally, hemoglobin A1C should be below 6.5%. And, of course, patients suffering from early stage chronic kidney disease need to have their kidneys tested at least once a year.

Research has shown that certain high blood pressure medicines are able to protect the kidneys of those who also suffer from diabetes, even they also have normal blood pressure levels.

The high blood pressure scenario

Individuals with high blood pressure—also known as hypertension—, should consult with their primary physician in order to get their blood pressure medicine. As recommended by the The National Heart and Blood Institute, it is recommended to have blood pressure under control (at 120/80 or even lower for those who have early stage kidney disease. For those who suffer from diabetes, blood pressure should be around 130/85.

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Other diseases commonly associated with chronic kidney disease

Aside from the previously mentioned diseases, there are several other conditions that can lead to suffering from chronic kidney disease: glomerulonephritis and lupus, for instance. These diseases affect the immune system, causing it to overact, which ends up affecting the kidneys (due to inflammation). In order to slow down the pace at which the kidneys deteriorate under these circumstances, a physician can prescribe certain medicines such as steroids.

Chronic kidney disease is also a direct consequence of certain infections and other medicines that happen to be detrimental to the organs. Infections, for instance, can be wiped out through the controlled used of antibiotics; certain medications, such as painkillers or antibiotics cause a negative impact on the kidneys: patients with these conditions need to be straightforward with their physicians about their CKD prior to initiating other treatments in hopes of avoiding a worse condition and prevent further damage.

Prolonging kidney function

Irrespective of how an individual develops chronic kidney disease, there are certain steps people can take in hopes of prolonging kidney function. Smoking, for example, is known for having a direct impact and correlation with the progression of kidney disease, therefore, and simply put, it is recommended that those with early stage kidney disease stop spending their money on cigarettes and tobacco. Of course, adopting a healthy diet, losing weight and working out are crucial activities that can act in the betterment of kidney condition. People with high blood pressure should also limit sodium in their diets: physicians believe that avoiding a certain amount of phosphorus and protein may also slow down the pace at which kidneys deteriorate; however, research continues on other foods—and even medicines—to see whether they act in the best interest of the health of the patient.

It is also important to remember that every CKD is unique. It is best to first address a physician and work out on a plan to prevent and slow down the disease while getting the most of life. It is perfectly possible.

The Most Significant Early Symptoms Of Kidney Disease

Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the United States of America. According to the American Kidney Fund, around 31 million Americans suffer from chronic kidney disease and men are more likely than women to have CKD. The leading causes of kidney failure are diabetes and high blood pressure, and that is why in some cases people fail to realize they have kidney problems until it’s too late. What seems to be a symptom of a different ailment ends up becoming the main health issue with many of these patients. One of the biggest problems with kidney disease is the psychological aspect that brings with it, as patients often feel like they are losing control over their life as their body doesn’t seem to respond to them, or acts in ways they aren’t familiar with.

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The kidneys are responsible for keeping the human body’s chemistry in balance, a task that truly takes a toll on these amazing organs. As resilient as they are, the kidneys often suffer due to many different reasons and eventually become overwhelmed with all the stress they must perform under.

Today in Joe Cosgrove’s Blog, we want to take the time to look at some of the most significant early signs that can let you know that you may be developing kidney disease, with the hopes that you can do something about it before treatment becomes necessary.

Changes in urine

Since the kidneys are the organs in charge of producing the urine, this byproduct will be one of the first indicators that something may be amiss. Changes in urine can be identified as those in the appearance of color and the presence of foam, and also changes in the frequency in which the patient urinates or feels the urge to do so but is unable to produce any liquid. In some cases, there may be a pain while urinating or also the presence of blood.

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath may be present in the onset of kidney disease because the fluid buildup in the body can be so severe that it can reach the lungs, something that will undoubtedly affect a patient’s breathing. Anemia or the lack of red blood cells in the organism can be another reason why patients may feel a lot of difficulty breathing.

Trouble sleeping

If kidneys stop working correctly, they amount of toxins that build up in the body will reach dangerous levels and will start affecting the organism in many ways. Patients report having trouble sleeping due to a constant feeling of discomfort that cannot be easily identified, they simply feel like they can’t sit still and have a lot of trouble resting.

Dry and itchy skin

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Dry skin and constant itching are also symptoms of excess toxin build up in the body. Bone disease is also something else that may be present when kidneys fail, and constant itching is a clear symptom of that complication. Most of this happens because kidneys are losing the ability to properly balance nutrients, toxins, and minerals in the body.

Swollen joints

Swollen joints and general swelling are a sign that the body is holding excess water because they kidneys are not able to properly regulate bodily fluids, so they stay inside the body longer than they need to be. All of this is a side effect of sodium retention, something that happens because they kidneys are failing, and as sodium is kept in the body, so is water because it is retained by the sodium itself.

Puffiness around the eyes

If the kidneys aren’t working correctly, then things like protein will start to leak into the urine or other areas of the body. This together with excess fluids being retained is going to start showing in the face of the patient as swelling of the eyelids and cheeks.

Poor appetite

Patients with kidney disease will not feel the need to eat as much as healthy individuals. This is rather significant since these patients will still continue to gain weight even as they eat less everyday. The lack of appetite happens due to excess toxin build up in the body.

Muscle cramps

Electrolyte imbalance can start to manifest in the muscle by cramping and general soreness of the area. Low-level calcium and an imbalance in phosphorous levels make it, so they body is not properly using the fluids that it retains, and that can create painful muscle cramps.

Dizziness and problem thinking clearly

Another one of the symptoms has to do with mental acuity and the ability to think clearly. The brain may not be getting enough oxygen, and that is how it starts to show. Patients with kidney failure may begin to feel dizzy and have flash episodes in which they faint or lose balance. The ability to think clearly and solve simple problems starts to diminish as the body deteriorates.